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Hiragana Extra Lesson 6: Particles は、へ、を


Illustration and voice by Shou Yukiya Bookmark and Share

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Particles Pronunciation Function

Type 'ha'

To indicate the topic of a sentence.

e.g. 君が好きだ, in which は indicates that 俺 is the topic of this sentence. (This sentence means 'I love you')

Type 'he'

To indicate the destination of an action, similar to English 'to'.

e.g. 学校行く, in which へ indicates that 学校 (school) is the destination of the verb 行く (go).

Type 'wo'

To indicate the object of a verb.

e.g. 読む, in which を indicates that 本(book) is the object of the verb 読む(read).

Mnemonics for を:

He almost caught the bus!

"を" actually has two pronunciations!!

According to this Japanese webpage, around 30% of the interviewees pronounce を as 'wo', contradicting what is said in most textbooks. Although the sample size is too small (105 people) to call this finding accurate, there really are native Japanese who pronounce this Hiragana this way. And this phenomenon exists throughout Japan, including Tokyo, so it is not a dialect preference.

I, however, recommending learners to 'stick with' the textbook pronunciation of 'o', as the majority of the Japanese population pronounce it this way.

How to write:

The stroke order illustrations are made by D.328, used under CCSA3.0.